Here are this week's Friday Fun Facts about Diana Gabaldon's books.
1) The photo above, from Wikipedia, shows a bactrian camel (Camelus bactrianus). What do camels have to do with OUTLANDER?
"She must go back, Sassenach—ye know it as well as I do.” He stirred impatiently but didn’t move away. “Look at her. She’s like Louis’s camel, no?”Here is a short video about bactrian camels. They look pretty exotic even by our standards today. Imagine what those 18th-century French aristocrats must have thought of them!
Despite my own regrets, I smiled at the thought. Louis of France kept a fine menagerie at Versailles, and on good days the keepers would exercise certain of the animals, leading them through the spreading gardens, to the edification of startled passersby.
We had been walking in the gardens one day, and turned a corner to find the Bactrian camel advancing toward us down the path, splendid and stately in its gold and silver harness, towering in calm disdain above a crowd of gawking spectators—strikingly exotic, and utterly out of place among the formalized white statues.
(From DRUMS OF AUTUMN by Diana Gabaldon, chapter 42, "Moonlight". Copyright© 1997 by Diana Gabaldon. All rights reserved.)
2) The calendar change mentioned in the Author's Notes at the end of "A Leaf on the Wind of All Hallows" is a real historical event.
Before y’all get tangled up in your underwear about it being All Hallows’ Eve when Jeremiah leaves, and ‘nearly Samhain’ (aka All Hallows’ Eve) when he returns--bear in mind that Great Britain changed from the Julian to the Gregorian calendar in 1752, this resulting in a 'loss' of twelve days.From Wikipedia:
(From "A Leaf on the Wind of All Hallows", in A TRAIL OF FIRE by Diana Gabaldon. Copyright© 2010 by Diana Gabaldon. All rights reserved.)
To align the calendar in use in England to that in use on the continent, the changes introduced in 1582 by the Gregorian calendar were adopted with effect in 1752. To this end, the calendar was advanced by 11 days: Wednesday 2 September 1752 was followed by Thursday 14 September 1752.As Diana commented on Compuserve in 2010, just after "Leaf" was first published,
That [Author's Note] actually _isn't_ provided just to stop people harassing me about the dates <g>; it's a Clue. (I.e., they _had_ to be in a time prior to 1752, because the calendar hadn't changed yet.)There may or may not have been riots in England in protest of the calendar change, as depicted in this William Hogarth painting from 1755. (Click on the photo to enlarge it and look closely at the bottom right, just to the right of the man sitting on the floor; you can just make out a poster with the words "GIVE US OUR ELEVEN DAYS" on it.) According to Wikipedia, there's no evidence, other than this painting, that such public protests actually occurred.
Along with everyone else in Scotland at the time, Jamie Fraser would have been affected by the calendar change, but as he was still living in the cave in September 1752, I doubt he took any notice of it. <g>
3) The photo above shows what a horse chestnut tree looks like. Now picture Roger and Bree in DRUMS, reunited at last after many months apart.
"What are you doing here?” she asked.
He detached her fingers and gripped them firmly.
“Not here,” he snapped. He took her arm and dragged her a little way down the road, to the shelter of a big horse-chestnut tree. The sky still glowed with the remnants of twilight, but the drooping branches reached nearly to the ground, and it was dark enough underneath to hide them from any curious souls who thought of venturing after them.
(From DRUMS OF AUTUMN by Diana Gabaldon, chapter 40, "Virgin Sacrifice". Copyright© 1997 by Diana Gabaldon. All rights reserved.)
A few minutes later, Bree picks up a prickly conker from the ground, like the ones shown in this photo, and slips it into her pocket. I like to think she kept it during those long months of waiting, as a reminder of Roger.
Many horse-chestnut trees in the UK today are suffering from a disease known as "bleeding canker". Here's an article with more details.
4) Claire was surprised to learn in DRAGONFLY IN AMBER that urinoscopy was still practiced at L'Hopital des Anges:
I bent over a pallet at the edge of the floor. A very thin woman lay listlessly under a single blanket, her eyes drifting dully over us without interest. It wasn’t the woman who had attracted my attention, so much as the oddly shaped glass vessel standing on the floor alongside her pallet.
The vessel was brimming with a yellow fluid--urine, undoubtedly. I was mildly surprised; without chemical tests, or even litmus paper, what conceivable use could a urine sample be? Thinking over the various things one tested urine for, though, I had an idea.
I picked up the vessel carefully, ignoring Sister Angelique’s exclamation of alarmed protest. I sniffed carefully. Sure enough; half-obscured by sour ammoniac fumes, the fluid smelled sickly sweet--rather like soured honey. I hesitated, but there was only one way to make sure. With a moue of distaste, I gingerly dipped the tip of one finger into the liquid and touched it delicately to my tongue.
(From DRAGONFLY IN AMBER by Diana Gabaldon, chapter 12, "L'Hopital des Anges". Copyright© 1992 by Diana Gabaldon. All rights reserved.)The painting above, by 17th-century Dutch artist Evert Oudendijck, shows a doctor examining a flask of urine. This was a special type of flask known as a matula, used for urinoscopy. The wicker basket at his feet was used to carry the flask.
Here is an example of a urinoscopist's color wheel, used to diagnose illness based on the color, odor, and taste of the patient's urine. (This one is from the early 16th century. Click on the picture for a bigger view.) For more information about the history of urinoscopy, look here. There's a collection of historical paintings on the subject here.
5) You may remember Ronnie Sinclair and Rosamund Lindsay arguing about barbecue at the Gathering in THE FIERY CROSS.
“Aye, well, but this is the barbecue, isn’t it?” Ronnie said stubbornly, ignoring my feeble attempt at humor. “Anyone kens that ye sass a barbecued hog wi’ vinegar--that’s the proper way of it! After all, ye wouldna put gravel into your sausage meat, would ye? Or boil your bacon wi’ sweepings from the henhouse? Tcha!” He jerked his chin toward the white pottery basin under Rosamund’s arm, making it clear that its contents fell into the same class of inedible adulterants, in his opinion.As a longtime resident of North Carolina, this scene always makes me laugh, because some things haven't changed in 240 years! From Wikipedia:
I caught a savory whiff as the wind changed. So far as I could tell from smell alone, Rosamund’s sauce seemed to include tomatoes, onions, red pepper, and enough sugar to leave a thick blackish crust on the meat and a tantalizing caramel aroma in the air.
(From THE FIERY CROSS by Diana Gabaldon, chapter 13, "Beans and Barbecue". Copyright© 2001 by Diana Gabaldon. All rights reserved.)
Two styles predominate in different parts of North Carolina. Eastern North Carolina barbecue is normally made by the use of the "whole hog", where the entire pig is barbecued and the meat from all parts of the pig are chopped and mixed together. Eastern North Carolina barbecue uses a thin sauce made of vinegar and spices (often simply cayenne pepper). Western North Carolina barbecue is made from only the pork shoulder, which is mainly dark meat, and uses a vinegar-based sauce that includes the addition of varying amounts of tomato. Western North Carolina barbecue is also known as Lexington barbecue, after the town of Lexington, North Carolina, home to many barbecue restaurants and a large barbecue festival, the Lexington Barbecue Festival.Here's an article about the rivalry between eastern and western North Carolina barbecue that continues to this day. If you want to learn more about North Carolina barbecue, check out HOLY SMOKE: The Big Book of North Carolina Barbecue.
I hope you enjoyed these Friday Fun Facts! Look here to see all of my Friday Fun Facts blog posts. And please stop by next week for more!